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Range: 800-1,200mi (1,200-1,900km)
Payload: Single Warhead (~800kg)
Propolsion: Liquid Fuel; Single Stage
Status: Operational (2003)
The Shahab-3 is a liquid-propellant, medium range ballistic missile (MRBM). It represents Iran's first successful attempt to acquire MRBMs and gives the country the capability to threaten targets which lie beyond its immediate borders.
The original Shahab-3 missile, unveiled in 2003, is nearly identical to the North Korean No Dong 1 missile, and almost certainly is based on technology and parts from North Korea. Improved variants on the Shahab-3 include the 3B (better terminal guidance system and warhead) as well as the 3C and 3D, which are believed to possess improved precision and a longer range.
Range: 175-450mi (300-750km)
Payload: Single Warhead (750-950kg)
Propolsion: Liquid Fuel, Inertial Guidance System
Status: Operational (1987)
The Shahab-1 and Shahab-2 are both single-stage, liquid fuelled short range ballistic missiles (SRBM). They are both built off of Russian Scud missile variants and were obtained through North Korea.
Iran began using these early Shahab models in the late 1980's and have continued to improve upon them until as recently as 2006.
Range: 1,200-1,800mi (2,000-3,000km)
Payload: Single Warhead (<1,000kg)
Propolsion: Liquid Propellent
Status: Under Development
The Shahab-4/5/6 are all variants on the existing Shahab platform that have been mentioned in media and intelligence reports since the mid-1990's, however the existence of theses missiles is still under question. They are believed to be medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBM) with orbiting capabilities.
Assuming that the missile is in development, it would probably be a derivation of the North Korean No-dong missile while improving the performance of earlier Shahab versions by allowing for greater range, a heavier payload, and increased accuracy. The first indications of the development of Shahab-4 were released in the Washington Times in 1997 as reported by then-Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. In November 2003, the Iranian Defense Ministry disavowed the program however the Iranian statement was met with little reaction by the United States or Israel.
Range: 1,200mi (2000km)
Payload: Single Warhead (500-1,500kg)
Propolsion: Solid Propellent; Two-Stage
Status: Operational (2012)
In late 2008, Iran tested the first variant of the Sejil (or Ashura) intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM). Originally designed as an advanced Ghadr missile, the Sejil has a two-stage solid-fuel propellent and borrows heavily from the design and technology of the Shahab-class missiles.
In December 2009, Iran successfully tested an optimized version of the Sejil-2, which is supposedly faster during the powered flight and re-entry phases of its trajectory and also harder to detect as it is covered with anti-radar material.
Unlike previous missiles developed in Iran with borrowed technology from North Korea or Russia, the Sejil seems to be a unique Iranian design. Former Director of Israel's Ballistic Missile Defense Organization Uzi Ruben said: "Unlike other Iranian missiles, the Sajil bears no resemblance to any North Korean, Russian, Chinese or Pakistani [missile technology]. It demonstrates a significant leap in Iran's missile capabilities." Unconfirmed reports state that Iran is now developing a three-stage Sejil-3 with a maximum range of 4,000 km.
Range: 1,000-1,200mi (1,800-2,000km)
Payload: Single Warhead
Propolsion: First Stage: Liquid; Second Stage: Solid Propellant
Status: Operational (2007)
The Ghadr-1 is a medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM). Sources indicate that the missile has a maximum range of 1800 km, which would allow it to attack targets in Israel and across the Middle East. The missile is believed to be operational since at least 2007/2008, however there has been no conclusive evidence or visible tests to confirm. In March 2006, the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) claimed that Iran had ramped up its development of the Ghadr-1 and added that the new missile was expected to be entirely complete in one year’s time.
The Ghadr-1 is an improved Shahab variant, measuring slightly longer than the Shahab-3 and having a nose cone with a "baby-bottle" shape, as opposed to the more traditional nose cone of the Shahab 3. The Ghadr has increased manueverability and reports indicate the it could be designed to carry a nuclear payload.
In March 2006, reports surfaced that Iran had test-fired a new and advanced medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM), called the Fajr-3, during a series of war games. Not to be confused with the Fajr line of artillery rockets produced by Iran and widely used by Hamas and Hezbollah, Iran claimed that the new Fajr-3 could carry multiple warheads, hit targets at ranges up to 1,200 miles and was not detectable by radar.
Gen. Hossein Salami, the air force chief of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, showed a clip of the supposed launch of the missile and announced "the successful test-firing of a new missile with greater technical and tactical capabilities than those previously produced."
Jane's Information Group said that intelligence indicates that the Fajr-3 has multiple independent re-entry vehicles (MIRV) capability, meaning one warhead could strike at multiple targets after launch.
Range: 124mi (200 km)
Payload: Single Warhead
Propolsion: Solid-fuel, road-mobile battlefield or tactical missile.
Status: Operational (2001)
There may be three versions of the Fateh missile, including one called the Khalij-Fasr. The missile was reportedly upgraded and tested in 2012. Iran claimed that it had a longer range and greater accuracy but experts were skeptical of both claims.